What is asthma?

Asthma is a respiratory condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed, narrow and swell and produce extra mucus. This makes it difficult for a person to breathe. This triggers coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.


The effects of asthma vary from person to person.  For some it is just a minor problem they can deal easily with but for some, it is a major problem that affects their normal life and day to day activities. Asthma may also lead to a life threatening attack.

Asthma cannot be prevented but if identified early, the condition can be controlled by working with a doctor and can prevent asthma attacks.

Here are a few early signs and symptoms through which one can detect asthma at an early stage.

1. Consistent coughing, especially at night and during exercising and laughing.

2. Troubled breathing or Shortness of breath

3. Wheezing during exhaling which is a whistling sound. It’s a common sign in children.

4. Tightness in chest or pain

5. Increase in coughing and wheezing during cold or flu.

But, if you experience these signs, then it is a cause of major alarm:

1. The early signs getting more frequent and bothering with everyday activities.

2. Increased difficulty in breathing.

3. Increase in use of quick relief inhaler.

When these major signs are encountered, it is advised to consult an Interventional Pulmonologist for a thorough check-up. Having vast experience in the field, an interventional pulmonologist can provide thorough counseling to the patients compared to a pulmonologist. In recent years, India has seen a rise in the number of doctors in the field of Pulmonology. It is always beneficial to look for a good interventional pulmonologist in your city when considering treatment. If you can’t find one, here is a list. One of the best Pulmonologists in India is Dr. Sameer Arbat from KRIMS Groups Of Hospitals, Nagpur. He is one of the youngest international faculty at the World Association of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology.  Dr. A. K. Singh from Lucknow is another renowned pulmonologist in India. He is a Fellow of the American College of Chest Physicians in the U.S.A. If you are living in Mumbai, then Dr. Abhay Uppe is also one of the best pulmonologists in our country. He is a Fellow of the American College of Chest Physicians in the U.S.A.